网站导航     在线客服  
全部
2018年GRE考后真题解析
学生选择在小站备考:30天 497306名,今日申请4768人    备考咨询 >>

4月14日/22日GRE考后阅读真题分享 难题考点一网打尽

2017年04月24日16:33 来源:小站整理
参与(8) 阅读(12654)
摘要:小站GRE频道以4月14日/22日GRE考试为基础,整理了同学们回忆出来的关于该场考试的阅读真题。本文包括1篇短阅读、1篇长阅读和1篇逻辑阅读,都是在考试中出现难度较高的题目。同学们可以根据真题内容了解考试出题情况,提升对GRE考试的认识。

HOT!4月14日最全GRE考前预测机经>>点击查看

HOT!4月22日最全GRE考前预测机经>>点击查看

4月14日/22日GRE考后阅读真题分享 难题考点一网打尽图1

长篇阅读

The history of the transmission of ancient Romantexts prior to invention of the printing press is reconstructed from evidenceboth internal and external to the texts themselves. Internal evidence is usedto reconstruct the relationship of the surviving manuscripts of a Roman text to one another, asrepresented in a modern stemma codicum: a diagram depicting the genealogical relationshipof surviving manuscripts and those the stemmas editor believes existed at onetime. Stemma are scholar’s only road maps to textual connections based oninternal evidence, but they may paint a distorted picture of reality becausethey diagram the relationships of only those manuscripts known or inferredtoday. If surviving copies are few, the stemma perforce brings into proximitymanuscripts that were widely separated in time and place of origin. Conversely,the stemma can also bestow a semblance of separation on manuscripts writtenwithin a few months of one another or even in the same room.

One type of external evidence that may shed light on the transmission of Romantexts is the availability of a work in the Middle Ages, when many classical textswere circulated. Too often, though, too much is inferred about a particularworks circulation in the Middle Ages from the number of manuscripts survivingtoday. When a work survives in a single manuscript copy, editors call themanuscript, rather glamorously, the lone survivor–implying that all its(presumably rare) companions were destroyed sometime early in the Middle Agesby pillaging barbarians. It is equally possible that the work survived far intothe Middle Ages in numerous copies in monastic libraries but were unnoticed dueto lack of interest. The number of extant manuscripts, however few, really doesnot allow scholars to infer how many ancient Latin manuscripts of a worksurvived to the ninth, the twelfth, or even the fifteenth century.

Quotations from a Roman text by a medieval author are another category ofexternal evidence: but does the appearance of a rare word or grammatical construction—or even ashort passage—really indicate a medieval author’s firsthand knowledge of thisor that ancient work, or does such usage instead derive from some intermediatesource, such as a grammar book or a popular style manual? Medieval authors doquote extensively from ancient authors; while such quotations provide someevidence of the works medieval circulation, as well as define its evolvingfortunes and the various uses to which it was put, they may be far less usefulin reconstructing the text of an ancient work.

Much as scholars want to look for overall patterns and formulate usefulgeneralizations, the transmission of each text is a different story and eachmanuscripts history is unique. Scholars must be careful not to draw conclusionsthat go beyond what the evidence can support.

1. The passage is primarily concerned with which ofthe following?

A. tracing certain changes in the methods used to study the transmission ofancient Roman texts.

B. contrasting two types of evidence used in investigating the transmission ofancient Roman texts.

C. outliningcertain difficulties associated with studying the transmission of ancient Romantexts.

D. advocating the use of one type of evidence about ancient Roman texts overthe use of another type.

E. explaining the development and potential uses and drawbacks of stemma in thestudy of ancient Roman texts.

2. As described in the passage, a stemma is mostclosely analogous to which of the following?

A. a department store inventory list that excludes some departments

B. a map from which a large section has been torn off

C. a chronology that includes only major historical events

D. a family tree in which some generations are not recorded

E. a government organizational chart from which some agencies are omitted

Consider each of the choices separately and selectall that apply.

3. In its discussion of external evidence, the passage suggests which of thefollowing about manuscripts of ancient Roman texts during the Middle Ages?

A. It is possible that fewer manuscripts were destroyed by barbarians in theearly Middle Ages than scholars frequently suppose.

B. Additional copies of some so-called lone survivor manuscripts may haveexisted well into the Middle Ages.

C. If an ancient Roman text is quoted in a work by a medieval author, then itis likely that at least one manuscript copy of that text survived into the MiddleAges.

4. Click on the sentence in the first paragraphthat suggests that scholars might be led to underestimate the extent of theconnection between certain manuscripts.

逻辑阅读

The surface of Venus contains calcite, a mineralthat absorbs the gas sulfur dioxide. Sulfur dioxide is often produced byvolcanic activity and is plentiful in Venus’ atmosphere, so there must be asource, perhaps volcanic, producing sulfur dioxide on Venus.

1. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argumentdepends?

A. In the recent past, the level of sulfur dioxide in Venus’ atmosphere was notmuch higher than it is now.

B. If there is volcanic activity on the surface ofVenus, it is not adequate to maintain the observed amount of sulfur dioxide inthe atmosphere.

C. The sulfur dioxide inVenus’ atmosphere forms clouds that prevent directobservation of the surface.

D. Sulfur dioxide produced by volcanic activity onthe Earth’s surface is also absorbed by minerals other than calcite.

E. The calcite on the surface of Venus is insufficient supply to continue to absorb sulfur for millions of years to come.

除了阅读逻辑真题,更有填空等价真题精彩内容 点击查看

(本文观点选自互联网,不代表本站立场。如有任何问题,请联系小站进行修改或删除。)

特别申明:本文内容来源网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵权请立即与我们联系contactus#zhan.com,我们将及时处理。
大家都在学

看完这篇文章有何感觉?已经有8人表态,63%的人喜欢

相关文章

【8月最新】小站独家考前小范围精准预测8月25日GRE机经 【7月新GRE机经】考前小范围精准预测7月8日GRE考试真... 2018年GRE机经全年所有场次汇总 1月到12月29场考... 独家揭秘7月8日GRE真题 小站教育抢先发布真实还原北美考... 【官方指南】GRE OG阅读题大全之北大西洋的沉积物 6月26日GRE考试真题 北美大陆全球各考场最强汇总 【小站独家发布】最新GRE考后真题带你全面回顾8月17日/... 7月GRE机经预测内容更新 小站教育独家出品解析7月17日...

你可能会喜欢

19年美国工科GRE数学分数
19年美国工科GRE数学分数
GRE

100% 的用户喜欢

8月全新GRE填空等价机经
8月全新GRE填空等价机经
GRE

99% 的用户喜欢

日排行
周排行