网站导航   4000-006-150  
小站教育
学生选择在小站备考:30天 524209名,今日申请1792人    备考咨询 >>

GRE写作官方题库高频ARGUMENT题目满分范文分享:preserve century-old tradition of all-female education

2020年07月27日15:21 来源:小站整理
参与(0) 阅读(164)

GRE备考资料免费领取

免费领取
摘要:GRE作文尽管考题公开透明,但庞大的题量,对于想要做好充分准备的考生来说,仍然算得上是巨大的挑战。为了方便广大考生准备GRE作文,本文将为大家整理针对题库中ARGUMENT类文章题目的满分范文,包含详细的逐段讲解和满分要素剖析,相信能给大家提供一些帮助。

GRE作文虽然有官方题库,但题目总数太多让考生难以做到全部练一遍,因此看完题目直接看对应的高分范文学习写法思路就成为了更有效率的做法。下面小编就来为大家提供ARGUMENT题库高频作文题目的满分范文赏析。

GRE写作官方题库高频ARGUMENT题目满分范文分享:preserve century-old tradition of all-female education图1

GRE作文官方题库ARGUMENT题目:

The president and administrative staff of Grove College, a private institution, made the following recommendation to the college's governing committee:

"We recommend that Grove College preserve its century-old tradition of all-female education rather than admit men into its programs. It is true that a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove. But eighty percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumni who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation. Keeping the college all-female, therefore, will improve morale among students and convince alumni to keep supporting the college financially."

满分范文赏析

In this memo Grove College's administration recommends preserving its tradition of admitting only female students. The administration admits that most faculty members are in favor of a co-educational policy but the administration defends its recommendation by citing a student government survey in which 80% of student respondents and more than 50% of alumni respondents reported that they favor the current policy. The administration reasons that preserving the status quo would improve student morale and help ensure continued alumni donations to Grove. While the argument seems sensible, it is flawed in several critical respects.

【此段结构】

本段采用了标准的Argument开头段结构,即:C – E - F的开头结构,首句概括原文的C(Conclusion)。接下来的一句话概括了原文为了支持他的结论所引用的E(Evidence)。最后尾句中给出开头段到正文段的过渡句,指出原文在逻辑上存在F(Flaw)。

【此段功能】

本段作为Argument开头段,具体功能就在发起攻击。首先,概括原文的结论:Grove College(简称G)推荐表持只录取女学生的传统。接下来分别列举了原文为了支持这个结论引用的证据:survey表明80%的学生参与者以及50%的校友参与者支持现在的政策,administration认为维持现状可以提升学生士气并获得校友的持续捐助,论据的归纳用于铺垫出正文段的具体攻击。最后点出原文存在逻辑错误,引出后面的分析。

GRE写作官方题库高频ARGUMENT题目满分范文分享:preserve century-old tradition of all-female education图2

First, the statistical reliability of the survey itself comes into question. If a disproportionate number of the survey's respondents were newer students, then the survey results would distort the student body's opinion as a group. With respect to the alumni survey, perhaps fewer alumni who donate substantial sums to Grove responded to the survey than other alumni did. If so, then the survey results would distort the comparison between the total amounts of future donations. Besides, the memo provides no information about what percentage of Grove's students and alumni responded to the surveys.

【此段结构】

本段采用了标准的Argument正文段结构,即:概括第一个逻辑错误的错误类型和原文犯错位置,接下来给出合理的理由和他因来反驳原文。

【此段功能】

本段作为正文第一段,攻击文章犯的主要逻辑错误:调查类错误。作者认为原文所引用的调查存在疑问。进一步,作者提出几种可能性来质疑原文中的调查。学生样本可能是disproportion的,导致调查结果不能反映学生的整体情况;alumni调查得到的回复可能很少来自会捐钱的校友。同时,作者还指出,原文中没有提到student和alumni调查的比例。

Secondly, the administration hastily assumes that Grove's alumni, as a group, would be less inclined to donate money if Grove begins admitting male students. This aspect of Grove's admission policy is only one of many factors that might affect alumni donations. For example, since Grove's faculty are generally in favor of changing the policy, perhaps the change would improve faculty moral and therefore the quality of instruction would increase. Perhaps, in the case of overall academic improvement (which could hypothetically occur as a result of the change) alumni would be even more included to offer financial support. So, if the particular alumni who are in a position to make the largest contributions are presented with an argument that establishes a link between faculty morale and overall improvement, an increase in donations by these individuals could occur.

【此段结构】

本段采用了标准的Argument正文段结构,即:概括第二个逻辑错误的错误类型和原文犯错位置,接下来给出合理的理由和他因来反驳原文。

【此段功能】

本段作为正文第二段,攻击文章犯的主要逻辑错误:错误因果。作者认为原文中“如果招收男学生,校友不倾向于捐钱”这一论断是毫无逻辑的,因为这只是G学校政策中的一条。进一步,作者提出其他可能性来反驳原文中的论断,G学校的教工支持改革,改革会使教工士气提高并提高教学质量。可能总体教学质量的提高会使alumni更倾向于捐款。

GRE写作官方题库高频ARGUMENT题目满分范文分享:preserve century-old tradition of all-female education图3

Finally, the administration's argument that student morale would improve under the status quo is logically unsound in two respects. First, the administration provides no reason why morale would improve, as opposed to remaining at its current level, if the status quo is simply maintained. Second, the administration cannot really predict how the morale of the student body would be affected by a policy change.

【此段结构】

本段采用了标准的Argument正文段结构,即:概括第三个逻辑错误的错误类型和原文犯错位置,接下来给出合理的理由和他因来反驳原文。

【此段功能】

本段作为正文第三段,攻击文章犯的主要逻辑错误:错误因果。作者认为原文中“学生的士气会因为政策的不变而提高”这一论断是不正确的。作者提出了两个原因:首先administration没有说明导致士气上升或下降的原因。其次,administration没有说明改革对学生士气产生的影响。

特别申明:本文内容来源网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵权请立即与我们联系contactus@zhan.com,我们将及时处理。

相关文章

【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类9 【高分秘籍】教你如何判断GRE作文作弊 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类1 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类7 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类10 【GRE写作】3种备考策略为你打造满分作文 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类8 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类6
未输入验证码
未输入验证码
未输入验证码
获取验证码
免费领取
日排行
周排行
GRE关键词
版权申明| 隐私保护| 意见反馈| 联系我们| 关于我们| 网站地图| 最新资讯
© 2011-2020 ZHAN.com All Rights Reserved. 沪ICP备13042692号-23 举报电话:4000-006-150
沪公网安备 31010602002658号
增值电信业务经营许可证:沪B2-20180682