- 2015年08月25日13:37 来源：小站整理
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How do you prefer to make decisions? Do you prefer on the basis of logic and objective considerations or on the basis of personal values? If it is on the basis of logic and objective considerations, it is called thinking, denoted by the letter T. If it is on the basis of personal values, it is called feeling, denoted by the letter F.
How do you prefer to organize your life? Do you prefer in a structured way, making decisions and knowing where you stand or in a flexible way, discovering life as you go along? If it is in a structured way, making decisions and knowing where you stand, then it is called judgment. If it is in a flexible way, discovering life as you go along—this is called perception. Some people whose preference is judgment prefer, in their lifestyle, to make decisions. This means that they prefer to make decisions about what to do, where to go, what to say, and so on. As a result of these decisions, their lifestyle appears organized. Some people whose preference is perception prefer, in their lifestyle, to learn or experience new things. This means that they prefer to find out more, rather than making decisions, and are more comfortable when they keep their options open. As a result of this openness, they can appear flexible.
Motivation explains why people behave as they do. Some scientists view motivation as the factor that determines behavior, as expressed in the phrase all behavior is motivated. Other scientists focus on two certain aspects of motivated behavior, excitement or exhilaration of behavior, which is motivation, arouses an organism and causes it to act, and the direction of behavior, which is lead by habits, skills, abilities and structural features.
There are four theories of motivation: Instinct theory, Sociobiology, Drive-reduction theory and Incentive theory.