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2019年5月17日GRE长阅读预测分享发布 有效提升全文阅读速度

2019年05月13日14:25 来源:小站教育作者:小站GRE编辑
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摘要:GRE阅读考试不仅需要考生本身具备熟练的解题技巧和对长难句的应对能力,提升阅读速度也是重要环节。而这一点恰恰是不少速成派考生所欠缺的。不过阅读速度提不上来也有补救办法那就是看小站新发布的2019年5月17日考前精准阅读预测!

2019年5月17日场次GRE长篇阅读预测发布,以下是对5月17日GRE阅读中耗时多难度高的长阅读题型的文章和题目预测,看完就能提升阅读读文章的速度节省时间提升解题效率,高分不容错过!

2019年5月17日GRE其他题型预测:作文/短阅读/逻辑/填空/等价/数学请走这里

2019年5月17日GRE长阅读预测分享发布 有效提升全文阅读速度图1

长篇阅读

By 1950, the results of attempts to relate brain processes to mental experience appeared rather discouraging. Herring suggested that different modes of sensation, such as pain, taste, and color, might be correlated with the discharge of specific kinds of nervous energy. However, subsequently developed methods of recording and analyzing nerve potentials failed to reveal any such qualitative diversity. Although qualitative variance among nerve energies was never rigidly disproved, the doctrine was generally abandoned in favor of the opposing view, namely, that nerve impulses are essentially homogeneous in quality and are transmitted as common currency throughout the nervous system.

According to this theory, it is not the quality of the sensory nerve impulses that determines the diverse conscious sensations they produce, but rather the different areas of the brain into which they discharge, and there is some evidence for this view. In one experiment, when an electric stimulus was applied to a given sensory field of the cerebral cortex of a conscious human subject, it produced a sensation of the appropriate modality for that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation from the visual cortex, an auditory sensation from the auditory cortex, and so on. However, cortical locus, in itself, turned out to have little explanatory value.

1. The author mentions common currency primarily in order to emphasize the

A. lack of differentiation among nerve impulses in human beings

B. similarity of the sensations that all human beings experience

C. similarities in the views of scientists who have studied the human nervous system

D. continuous passage of nerve impulses through the nervous system

E. recurrent questioning by scientists of an accepted explanation about the nervous system

答案:A

解析:原句翻译:神经冲动本质上质量相似,并在神经系统中流通传输。通过语法分析,我们可以知道common currency与前面的从句成分nerve impulses are essentially homogeneous in quality是并列的,主语都是nerve impulses,并且common和前面的homogeneous都是在讲相似,差异小。

2019年5月17日GRE长阅读预测分享发布 有效提升全文阅读速度图2

2. The description of an experiment in which electric stimuli were applied to different sensory fields of the cerebral cortex tends to support the theory that

A. the simple presence of different cortical areas cannot account for the diversity of mental experience

B. variation in spatiotemporal patterning of nerve impulses correlates with variation in subjective experience

C. nerve impulses are essentially homogeneous and are relatively unaffected as they travel through the nervous system

D. the mental experiences produced by sensory nerve impulses are determined by the cortical area activated

E. variation in neuron types affects the quality of nerve impulses

答案:D

解析:定位到文章:可以直接得出答案“it produced a sensation of the appropriate modality for that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation from the visual cortex“电刺激能产生一种对特定位置的恰当的感知,也就是视觉中枢的视觉感知。和D选项的cortical area脑皮层被刺激使神经产生精神反应对应。

3. Which of the following best summarizes the author‘s opinion of the suggestion that different areas of the brain determine perceptions produced by sensory nerve impulses?

A. It is a plausible explanation, but it has not been completely proved.

B. It is the best explanation of brain processes currently available.

C. It is disproved by the fact that the various areas of the brain are physiologically very similar.

D. There is some evidence to support it, but it fails to explain the diversity of mental experience.

E. There is experimental evidence that confirms its correctness.

答案:D

解析:结合结尾句:However, cortical locus, in itself, turned out to have little explanatory value.大脑区位理论就其本身是几乎没有解释的意义,说明其解释的价值和意义还是有限的。

2019年5月17日GRE长阅读预测分享发布 有效提升全文阅读速度图3

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