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2019年2月22日GRE阅读机经汇总 长阅读刷过近秒选难题

2019年02月14日15:42 来源:小站教育作者:小站GRE编辑
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摘要:GRE阅读考试不仅需要考生本身具备熟练的解题技巧和对长难句的应对能力,提升阅读速度也是重要环节。而这一点恰恰是不少速成派考生所欠缺的。不过阅读速度提不上来也有补救办法那就是看小站新发布的2019年2月22日考前精准预测长阅读机经!

2019年2月22日场次GRE长篇阅读机经发布,以下是对2月22日GRE阅读中耗时多难度高的长阅读题型的文章和题目预测,看完就能提升阅读读文章的速度节省时间提升解题效率,高分不容错过!

2019年2月22日GRE机经其他题型预测:作文/短阅读/逻辑/填空/等价/数学请走这里

2019年2月22日GRE阅读机经汇总 长阅读刷过近秒选难题图1

长篇阅读

In laboratories, healthy adult human brain neurons typically live no more than a few hours, making extensive research impossible. Furthermore, scientists' inability to reproduce healthy neurons has prevented the use of neurons in experimental treatments of severe neurological disorders.

However, two researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have successfully maintained mature, human brain neurons in long-term cultures by using cells obtained during surgery on an 18-month-old victim of unilateral megalencephaly. The rare disorder, in which one side of the brain grows substantially larger than the other, occurs when neurons in the abnormal hemisphere undergo too many cell divisions before they mature. The neuronal imbalance in the brain of the infant caused seizures, prompting surgeons to remove the enlarged hemisphere---a treatment that has proven successful in similar cases. The researchers then took neurons from the excised brain matter and placed them in a blood-rich culture medium. After days, many of the cells had died, but a few continued to grow and divide. Nineteen months later, the team had subcultured colonies of neurons onto new culture plates more than 20 times, with no significant changes in cellular appearance or growth characteristics.

Scientists still don't know what triggers the proliferation of neurons in unilateral megalencephaly. The neurons cultivated at Johns Hopkins---unlike those culled from tumors are not cancerous, and accordingly are much more valuable as research tools. Finally, the experiment presents the possibility that such neurons could be used in experimental treatments that currently use fetal brain cells, sidestepping an uncomfortable ethical issue.

2019年2月22日GRE阅读机经汇总 长阅读刷过近秒选难题图2

1. It can be inferred from the passage that the removal of a hemisphere of the brain

A. will allow researchers to expand their knowledge of neurological workings

B. is necessary to cure unilateral megalencephaly

C. is a viable medical procedure in some cases

D. is usually performed on infants who suffer from unilateral megalencephaly

E. is a rare procedure that is performed as a last resort

答案:C

解析:

The second paragraph says that the neuronal imbalance causes seizures prompting surgeons to remove the enlarged hemisphere – a treatment that has proven successful in similar cases. "Some cases" is nice and wimpy.

2019年2月22日GRE阅读机经汇总 长阅读刷过近秒选难题图3

2. The passage supplies information to answer which of the following questions?

A. How old is the average unilateral megalencephaly patient?

B. Can fetal brain cells be used to treat unilateral megalencephaly?

C. Have scientists found a way to allow cells from victims of unilateral megalencephaly to exist outside of the body?

D. How long can neurons culled from tumors be sustained outside the body?

E. Will scientists find further experimental uses for neurons culled from unilateral megalencephaly victims?

答案:C

解析:根据文章第二段可知科学家们已经找到了让细胞在体外存活的方法,可以解答C的问题,其它选项问题无法从文章中找到确定答案。

3. In the second paragraph, select the sentence in which a term is introduced that requires elucidation in a later sentence.

答案:However, two researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have successfully maintained mature, human brain neurons in long-term cultures by using cells obtained during surgery on an 18-month-old victim of unilateral megalencephaly.

解析:

符合题目要求的是第一句话,其中提到了一个生词也就是megalencephaly。之后第二句话就是在解释这个单词的意义。所以选择第二段第一句。

除了长阅读机经,还有逻辑阅读机经精彩内容 点击查看

特别申明:本文来自于小站教育【GRE资料】专栏,转载请以超链接形式标注本文出处,并附上此申明,否则将追究法律责任。

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