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【高分必看】12月15日小站GRE阅读逻辑机经 高效应对难题不丢分

2017年12月04日15:48 来源:小站教育作者:小站GRE编辑
参与(3) 阅读(823)
摘要:GRE阅读考试是中国考生的一大难关,许多同学总分不高都是因为阅读部分表现不佳扣分太多的缘故。那么如何才能在考前更有效地备考并冲刺阅读高分呢?最好的提分方法自然就是看小站最新发布的12月15日考前精准预测阅读逻辑机经!

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12月15日其他题型机经预测:作文/填空/数学 请走这里

【高分必看】12月15日小站GRE阅读逻辑机经 高效应对难题不丢分图1

短篇阅读

Few mathematical constructs seem as conceptually simple as that of randomness. According to the traditional definition, a number is random if it is chosen purely as the result of a probabilistic mechanism such as the roll of a fair die. Id their ground breaking work regarding complexity and the limitations of formal systems, mathematicians Gregory Chaitin and A.N. Kolmogorov force us to consider this last claim more closely.

Consider two possible outcomes of throwing a fair die three times: first, 1, 6, and 2; second 3, 3, and 3. Now let us construct two three-member sets based on the results. Though the first set— {1,6,2}—intuitively seems more random than the second—{3,3,3}, they are each as likely to occur, and thus according to the accepted definition, must be considered equally random. This unwelcome result prompts Chaitin and Kolmogorov to suggest the need for a new standard of randomness, one that relies on the internal coherence of the set as opposed to its origin.

1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage as whole?

A. A concept is introduced; a traditional definition is put forward; a thought experiment is described; a new definition is proposed; the traditional definition is amended as a result.

B. A concept is introduced; a traditional definition is supported by authorities; a thought experiment is described; the implications of the experiment are discussed.

C. A concept is introduced; a traditional definition is considered and rejected; a thought experiment is described; a new definition is proposed.

D. A concept is introduced; a traditional definition is called into question; a thought experiment is described; the implications of the experiment are discussed.

E. A concept is introduced; authorities are called in to reevaluate a definition; a thought experiment is described; the implications of the experiment are considered and rejected.

答案:C

解析:根据文章主旨,文章首先介绍了随机这个概念,对应选项C中:…concept…introduced…;然后再详细展开,并且说了这个定义的不足,对应选项C中:…traditional…considered and rejected;接着举例介绍了掷骰子实验,对应选项C中:…thought experiment…;最后说要有基于内在统一的新定义出现才可以:对应选项C中:…new definition…。

2. Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

Which of the following is an inference made in the passage above?

A. The results of the same probabilistic mechanism will each be as likely as the other to occur.

B. According to the traditional definition of randomness, two numbers should be considered equally random if they result from the same probabilistic mechanism.

C. Different probabilistic mechanisms are likely to result in similar outcomes.

答案:B

解析:注意这不是一道单选题,而是一道针对每个选项是否正确的选择题。A选项不够严谨,若是按照传统定义则为正确,若是按照新定义则为错误,所以不能选;B选项符合传统定义,只要是从随机机器里抽选出来的都是随机的;C选项错在different…mechanisms,原文没有比较不同的随机机器。

长篇阅读

Mary Barton, particularly in its early chapters, is a moving response to the suffering of the industrial worker in the England of the 1840s. What is most impressive about the book is the intense and painstaking effort made by the author, Elizabeth Gaskell, to convey the experience of everyday life in working class homes. Her method is partly documentary in nature: the novel includes such features as a carefully annotate reproduction of dialect, the exact details of food prices in an account of a tea party, an itemized description of the furniture of the Bartons’ living room, and a transcription (again annotated) of the ballad “The Oldham Weaver”. The interest of this record is considerable, even though the method has a slightly distancing effect.

As a member of the middle class, Gaskell could hardly help approaching working-class life as an outside observer and a reporter, and the reader of the novel is always conscious of this fact. But there is genuine imaginative re-creation in her accounts of the walk in Green Heys Fields, of tea at the Bartons’ house, and of John Barton and his friend’s discovery of the starving family in the cellar in the chapter “Poverty and Death.” Indeed, for a similarly convincing re-creation of such families’ emotions and responses (which are more crucial than the material details on which the mere reporter is apt to concentrate), the English novel had to wait 60 years for the early writing of D. H. Lawrence. If Gaskell never quite conveys the sense of full participation that would completely authenticate this aspect of Mary Barton, she still brings to these scenes an intuitive recognition of feelings that has its own sufficient conviction.

The chapter “Old Alice’s History” brilliantly dramatizes the situation of that early generation of workers brought from the villages and the countryside to the urban industrial centers. The account of Job Leigh, the weaver and naturalist who is devoted to the study of biology, vividly embodies one kind of response to an urban industrial environment: an affinity for living things that hardens, by its very contrast with its environment, into a kind of crankiness. The early chapters—about factory workers walking out in spring into Green Heys Fields, about Alice Wilson, remembering in her cellar the twig-gathering for brooms in the native village that she will never again see, about job Leigh, intent on his impaled insects—capture the characteristic responses of a generation to the new and crushing experience of industrialism. The other early chapters eloquently portray the development of the instinctive cooperation with each other that was already becoming an important tradition among workers.

1. It can be inferred from examples given in the last paragraph of the passage that which of the following was part of “the new and crushing experience of industrialism” for many members of the English working class in the nineteenth century.

A. Extortionate food prices

B. Geographical displacement

C. Hazardous working conditions

D. Alienation from fellow workers

E. Dissolution of family ties

答案:C

解析:根据文章最后一段,织布工和自然主义者Job Leigh看到被刺穿的昆虫非常着急,我们可以推测出织布工厂会造成伤害十分危险,对应选项C中:Hazardous working conditions。

2. It can be inferred that the author of the passage believes that Mary Barton might have been an even better novel if Gaskell

A. concentrated on the emotions of a single character

B. made no attempt to re-create experiences of which she had no firsthand knowledge

C. made no attempt to reproduce working-class dialects

D. grown up in an industrial city

E. managed to transcend her position as an outsider

答案:E

解析:根据文章第二段最后一句,如果Gaskell可以在描述中加入足够多的参与感,Mary Barton会显得更加真实。再根据文章第二段第一句,我们知道作者Gaskell是中产阶级,所以写 Mary Barton时总有局外人的感觉。结合起来我们知道,如果作者Gaskell可以超越自己的身份地位,更有参与感地描述工人阶级,Mary Barton会是一本更好的书,对应选项E中:…transcend…position…outsider。

3. Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude toward Gaskell’s use of the method of documentary record in Mary Barton?

A. uncritical enthusiasm

B. Unresolved ambivalence

C. Qualified approval

D. Resigned acceptance

E. Mild irritation

答案:C

解析:根据文章第一段最后一句,这样的描述好处是巨大的,虽然这种描述方法会让读者感觉心理距离变远了。“好处是巨大的”对应选项C中:approval,“虽然这种描述方法会让读者感觉心理距离变远了”对应选项C中:Qualified。

4. Which of the following is most closely analogous to Job Leigh in Marry Barton, as that character is described in the passage?

A. An entomologist who collected butterflies as a child

B. A small-town attorney whose hobby is nature photography

C. A young man who leaves his family’s dairy farm to start his own business

D. A city dweller who raises exotic plants on the roof of his apartment building

E. A union organizer who works in a textile mill under dangerous conditions

答案:E

解析:根据文章最后一段第二句话,我们知道Job Leigh是织布工,也是专注于研究生物学的自然主义者,工业化让他变得对活着的东西从喜欢到偏执。再根据文章最后一段第三句话,我们知道Job Leigh对被工业化害死的昆虫非常担忧。我们可以从他是织布工的职业推测出他在纺织厂工作,对应选项E中:works in a textile mill,我们还可以从他总是看到昆虫被工业化的机器所伤害,推测出他的工作环境很危险,对应选项E中:under dangerous conditions。

逻辑阅读

Anaerobic glycolysis is a process in which energy is produced, without oxygen, through the breakdown of muscle glycogen into lactic acid and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy provider. The amount of energy that can be produced anaerobically is a function of the amount of glycogen present—in all vertebrates about 0.5 percent of their muscles’ wet weight. Thus the anaerobic energy reserves of a vertebrate are proportional to the size of the animal. If, for example, some predators had attacked a 100-ton dinosaur, normally torpid, the dinosaur would have been able to generate almost instantaneously, via anaerobic glycolysis, the energy of 3,000 humans at maximum oxidative metabolic energy production.

The passage's suggestion that the total anaerobic energy reserves of a vertebrate are proportional to the vertebrate's size is based on which of the following assumption?

A. larger vertebrates conserve more energy than smaller vertebrates

B. larger vertebrates use less oxygen per unit weight than smaller vertebrates

C. the ability of a vertebrate to consume food is a function of its size

D. the amount of muscle tissue in a vertebrate is directly related to its size

E. the size of a vertebrate is proportional to the quantity of energy it can utilize

答案:E

解析:本文是关于无氧糖酵解产生能量的过程,且提出动物体积越大,所产生的能量储备也就越多。以恐龙为例,说明其遭遇攻击所能产生的能量之巨大。题干中问"the total anaerobic energy reserves of a vertebrate are proportional to the vertebrate's size"这一论点是根据哪一条假定推断出来的,通读选项不难得出E。

除了阅读逻辑机经,更有填空等价机经精彩内容 点击查看

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