网站导航     在线客服  
小站教育
学生选择在小站备考:30天 525351名,今日申请2934人    备考咨询 >>

【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类7

2015年09月01日14:28 来源:小站整理
参与(1) 阅读(1706)

GRE备考资料免费领取

免费领取
摘要:想要在GRE作文部分的考试中写出优秀的文章,论据素材是重要的一环。本文整理了GRE ISSUE作文经济类题目的精品优质素材第七部分,分享给各位考生。

【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类7图1

想要在GRE作文部分的考试中写出优秀的文章,论据素材是重要的一环。好的论据不仅能帮助你支撑观点,加强说服力,还能体现出考生在阅读量上的积累和深厚扎实的语言功底基础。特别是ISSUE作文,更是需要大量好素材作为储备,才能保证考生无论遭遇那种题目,都能游刃有余地完成一篇高分作文的写作。小编为大家整理了GRE ISSUE作文各类题目的精品优质素材,一起来看吧。

四大垄断形式II: 信托

B. Trust

American history is replete with attempts by producers either to organize or to engage in practices that give them, in effect, monopoly power, although competition may still appear to exist. One of the earliest means used by producers to create an effective monopoly while retaining some semblance of competition was the trust. This is a device by which the real control of a company is transferred to an individual or small group by an exchange of shares of stock for trust certificates, which are issued by the individuals seeking control. The widespread abuse of this technique after the American Civil War eventually led to passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), a law designed to make illegal all trusts and other combinations that aimed to create monopolies in restraint of interstate commerce. A similar device is the holding company, which issues its own stock shares for sale to the public and “holds” or controls other companies by owning their shares. Such an arrangement is not necessarily illegal, unless created specifically to monopolize commerce in interstate trade.

【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类7图2

四大垄断形式III: 卡特尔

C. Cartels

Today perhaps the best-known form of combination is the cartel because of the widespread attention given to the activities of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or OPEC. A cartel is an organization formed by producers whose purpose is to allocate market shares, control production, and regulate prices. OPEC does all these things, but its most highly publicized acts have been to set the world price for petroleum. Cartels are illegal in the U.S.; most other countries, however—including the United Kingdom and the nations of Western Europe—have taken a more lenient view of cartels, allowing them to exist as long as their monopolistic practices do not become too outrageous.

四大垄断形式IV: 合并

D. Mergers

Efforts to organize an industry in order to achieve practical monopoly control take different forms. Any combination of firms that reduces competition may be of a vertical, horizontal, or conglomerate character. A vertical combination involves merging firms at different stages of the production process into a single unit. Some of the oil companies, for example, own oil fields, refineries, transportation systems, and retail outlets. A horizontal combination involves bringing together firms in the same industry and at the same level in the production chain. Recently, conglomerate-type mergers have become prominent, with spectacular success in the 1960s but diminishing until 1984 and 1985, when the U.S. saw the greatest increase in corporate acquisitions in its history. A conglomerate merger combines firms from several unrelated industries into a single organization. All mergers and combinations have the potential for eliminating competition and creating monopoly. Mere potential, however, is not illegal in the U.S. under existing laws.

更多GRE写作精品素材:

【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类8 http://gre.zhan.com/beikao/32653.html

特别申明:本文内容来源网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵权请立即与我们联系contactus@zhan.com,我们将及时处理。

相关文章

【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类9 【高分秘籍】教你如何判断GRE作文作弊 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类1 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类10 【GRE写作】3种备考策略为你打造满分作文 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类8 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类6 【GRE写作】Issue写作精品素材最全分享 经济类4
未输入验证码
未输入验证码
未输入验证码
获取验证码
免费领取
日排行
周排行
GRE关键词
版权申明| 隐私保护| 意见反馈| 联系我们| 关于我们| 网站地图| 最新资讯
© 2011-2019 ZHAN.com All Rights Reserved. 沪ICP备13042692号-23
沪公网安备 31011002003961号